Tuesday, 19 December 2006

Cursor functionality via table variable and loop

-- cursor functionality WITHOUT using a cursor

declare @CurrentRow int
declare @TotalRows int
declare @FirstName nvarchar(255)

select @CurrentRow = 1

declare @TableVariable table
(
UniqueRowID int IDENTITY (1, 1) Primary key NOT NULL ,
FirstName nvarchar(255)
)

insert into @TableVariable (FirstName) values ('Adam')
insert into @TableVariable (FirstName) values ('Bill')
insert into @TableVariable (FirstName) values ('Charlie')
insert into @TableVariable (FirstName) values ('Dennis')

select @TotalRows=count(*) from @TableVariable

while @CurrentRow <= @TotalRows  
begin   
select @FirstName = FirstName   
from @TableVariable   
where UniqueRowID = @CurrentRow    
print @FirstName    
select @CurrentRow = @CurrentRow + 1  
end 

Friday, 15 December 2006

Indexes : Included Columns

CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX IndexName 
ON Schema.TableName (ID
,int1
,int2
,text1
,text2
,text3
,text4
,text5)


Warning! The maximum key length is 900 bytes. The index 'IndexName' has maximum length of 938 bytes. For some combination of large values, the insert/update operation will fail.


The way round this in sql 2005+ - INCLUDED COLUMNS

Add the column as an included column >

CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX IndexName ON Schema.TableName 
(ID) INCLUDE (int1
,int2
,text1
,text2
,text3
,text4
,text5)

Thursday, 14 December 2006

Counts of database objects


-- sql 2005 - database object counts

if object_id('tempdb..#objecttypes') is not null
begin
drop table #objecttypes
end
create table #objecttypes (otype char(5)collate Latin1_General_CI_AS ,typedesc varchar(50),primary key clustered(otype))

insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('AF','Aggregate function (CLR)')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('C','Check constraint')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('D','Default (constraint or stand-alone)')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('F','Foreign Key constraint')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('PK','Primary Key constraint')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('P','SQL Stored procedure')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('PC','Assembly (CLR) stored procedure')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('FN','SQL scalar function')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('FS','Assembly (CLR) scalar function')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('FT','Assembly (CLR) table-valued function')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('R','Rule (old-style, stand-alone)')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('RF','Replication-filter-procedure')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('S','System base table')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('SN','Synonym')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('SQ','Service queue')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('TA','Assembly (CLR) DML trigger')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('TR','SQL DML trigger')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('IF','SQL inline table-valued function')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('TF','SQL table-valued-function')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('U','Table (user-defined)')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('UQ','Unique constraint')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('V','View')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('X','Extended stored procedure')
insert into #objecttypes(otype,typedesc) values('IT','Internal table')

select otype,typedesc,count(s.type) as total
from #objecttypes
left join sys.objects s
on #objecttypes.otype collate Latin1_General_CI_AS = s.type collate Latin1_General_CI_AS
group by otype, typedesc

Saturday, 9 December 2006

TSQL : Checking for object existance...


IF EXISTS(SELECT Name FROM SysObjects WHERE Name='TEMP_MATCH_USERS' AND xType='U')
BEGIN
 PRINT 'Dropping table dbo.TEMP_MATCH_USERS...'
 DROP TABLE [dbo].[TEMP_MATCH_USERS]
END
GO

Friday, 8 December 2006

SQL 2000 : Table Indexes via System Objects

SELECT  SysUsers.[Name] AS Owner, Object_Name(SysIndexes.ID)  AS TableName, SysIndexes.[Name] AS IndexName, [InDID] 
From SysIndexes
Inner Join SysObjects On SysObjects.[ID]=SysIndexes.[ID]
Inner Join SysUsers On SysUsers.[UID]=SysObjects.[UID]
Where ObjectProperty(SysIndexes.[ID],'IsSystemTable')=0  
And ObjectProperty(SysIndexes.[ID],'IsUserTable')=1 
And [InDID]>0 
And [InDID]<255 
And [first] IS NOT NULL

Thursday, 7 December 2006

Table Row Counts via system objects

-- Get Table Row Counts via system objects

SELECT sysobjects.name, sysindexes.rows
FROM sysobjects
INNER JOIN sysindexes
ON sysobjects.id = sysindexes.id
WHERE sysobjects.xtype = 'u'
AND sysindexes.indid < 2
order by sysindexes.rows desc

Wednesday, 6 December 2006

Truncate all tables

/*
Dynamic SQL to achieve this
*/
SELECT 'TRUNCATE TABLE [' +table_schema + '].[' + TABLE_NAME +']'
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES 

Sunday, 3 December 2006

TSQL Date Manipulation

Negate Time Part (Midnight for today)
SELECT DATEADD(dd, DATEDIFF(dd,0,getdate()), 0)


Monday of the Current Week
SELECT DATEADD(wk, DATEDIFF(wk,0,getdate()), 0)


First Day of Month
SELECT DATEADD(mm, DATEDIFF(mm,0,GETDATE()), 0)


Last Day of Month
SELECT DATEADD(dd,-1,DATEADD(mm, DATEDIFF(mm,0,GETDATE())+1, 0))


First Day of the Year
SELECT DATEADD(yy, DATEDIFF(yy,0,getdate()), 0)


Last Day of Year
SELECT DATEADD(dd,-1,DATEADD(yy, DATEDIFF(yy,0,GETDATE())+1, 0))

Further uses for CASE Statements

Everyone knows you can use CASE statements in the SELECT clause to specify column output, but it can also be used in other ways >

Computed Columns -
BMI = CASE
WHEN (Height + Weight) IS NULL THEN 'Cannot Calculate'
ELSE Weight / Height
END


Conditional WHERE : Dealing with NULLs on the fly by using CASE statements.

For exact matches, check for columns being equal to themselves i.e. saying TRUE = TRUE
SELECT column1, column2, column3
FROM   schema.table
WHERE  datecolumn BETWEEN @dateRangeFrom AND @dateRangeTo
AND    column4 = CASE WHEN @criteria IS NULL THEN column4 ELSE @criteria END

To use the LIKE clause in the same way, ISNULL can be used -
AND textcolumn LIKE ISNULL(@searchterm,'%')

This replaces an empty search term with the wildcard '%' which of course matches any term.

Conditional ORDER BY -
SELECT column1, column2, column3
FROM   schema.table
ORDER BY
CASE WHEN @orderby = 'column1' THEN column1
WHEN @orderby = 'column2' THEN column2
WHEN @orderby = 'column3' THEN column3
END

Saturday, 2 December 2006

SQL 101 : Storage

SQL Server Storage : Pages

A SQL database is made up of logical pages. A page is 8Kb (8192 bytes) in size and is used by both tables and indexes to store information. 8Kb is therefore the size of an input/output unit in SQL server.

*** Some special pages also exist for systems management purposes for example the ‘Global Allocation Map’, ‘Index Allocation Map’ and ‘Page Free Space’.

In versions up to SQL 2000, 8kb was the maximum row size in a table.

Prior to SQL 2005, defining a table with a larger row size is possible, but populating the columns fully was not.

For example, in SQL 7 - 2000 , the sql >

create table rubbishtable (

rubbishcolumn1 varchar (8000),
rubbishcolumn2 varchar (8000)

)

Returns the warning >

Warning: The table 'rubbishtable' has been created but its maximum row size (16023) exceeds the maximum number of bytes per row (8060). INSERT or UPDATE of a row in this table will fail if the resulting row length exceeds 8060 bytes.

SQL 2005

In SQL 2005, the page size is still 8Kb but you can exceed 8k per row.
This is achieved by moving the largest column to a second page into a ‘ROW_OVERFLOW_DATA unit’. The original page is then updated by adding a 24 byte pointer to this second page. This is known as the ‘IN_ROW_DATA allocation unit’.

You don’t see this functionality happening. ‘Oh great’ , ‘I can now fit more data into a row’ is likely to be a developer’s response to this new feature.

From a DBA’s point of view however, utilising this new functionality has performance implications.
Performing queries on tables where the data is split across pages will be marginally slower due to 2 pages being returned for each offending record.

Also, when updates are done which force the creation or deletion of overflow pages this will cause fragmentation in the database.



SQL Server Storage : Extents

An Extent is a group of 8 pages and hence is (8x8kb) 64Kb in size. This is the smallest unit of data SQL Server can allocate.

There are two types of extent.

Uniform Extent All 8 pages are assigned to a single object.

Mixed Extent More than 1 (small) object is placed inside the extent, ensuring space is not wasted.




SQL Server Storage : Files

Each datafile in a SQL database has 2 names, a logical file name (used to refer to the data store from transact SQL) and a physical one. The Physical one is the one stored on the operating system.


SQL databases have 3 filetypes.

Every database has a primary data store. The recommended (but not enforced) file extension is .MDF.

Some databases have (1 or more) secondary data files. The recommended (but not enforced) file extension is .NDF.

Log Files should have a .LDF extension. The log file (also known as the transaction log) holds a log of changes which may be helpful in recovering the datanase. When the recovery model is set to ‘simple’ they contain minimal information however.


SQL Server Storage : File Groups

File groups come in 2 flavours, ‘Primary’ or ‘User Defined’. Either of these can be the default file group i.e where all user objects are created (unless filegroup is specified).

File groups allow you to place heavily accessed tables in a different filegroup. Reasons for this could be to improve database performance (e.g housing the filegroup on a different disk array) or to backup that data separately.

Thursday, 30 November 2006

sp_MSforeachtable (Undocumented Stored Procedure)

Loops though all tables in a database, repeating the specified command on each one.

The question mark represents the table name, examples are ;
sp_MSforeachtable @command1='print ''?'' dbcc checktable (''?'')'

sp_MSforeachtable @command1='print ''?'' truncate table [''?'']'

You can issue up to three commands to the stored procedure using parameters @command1 through @command3.

sp_MSforeachdb (Undocumented Stored Procedure)

Loops though all databases, repeating the specified command on each one.
The question mark represents the database name, for example ;
EXEC sp_MSforeachdb @command1='print ''?'' DBCC CHECKDB (''?'') '

Monday, 27 November 2006

SQL 2005 : CLR - External Access permissions

Msg 6522, Level 16, State 1, Procedure SP_Backup, Line 0
A .NET Framework error occurred during execution of user-defined routine or aggregate "SP_Backup":
System.Security.SecurityException: Request for the permission of type 'System.Security.Permissions.FileIOPermission, mscorlib, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089' failed.
System.Security.SecurityException:
at DatabaseName.dbo.SP_Backup(Parameter1, Parmeter2, Parameter3...)


The CLR stored procedure is using XP_CMDShell to access the file system.

The permissions on the assembly therefore need to be increased to allow this.


Changing assembly permissions in Management Studio -


1) Navigate to (databasename) > Programmability > Assemblies > (expand)
2) Double click assembly name to get assembly properties.
3) Set permission set of assembly to 'external access'.


Changing assembly permissions in tsql -
GRANT EXTERNAL ACCESS ASSEMBLY TO AssemblyName

Configuring OpenRowset / OpenDatasource

Msg 15281, Level 16, State 1, Line 2
"SQL Server blocked access to STATEMENT 'OpenRowset/OpenDatasource' of component 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries' because this component is turned off as part of the security configuration for this server. A system administrator can enable the use of 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries' by using sp_configure. For more information about enabling 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries', see "Surface Area Configuration" in SQL Server Books Online. "

Like the error says, here is where to enable in SAC >


Friday, 24 November 2006

CASE Basics

-- Simple Case Statement
CASE @SecurityPass
 WHEN 2 THEN 'Admin'
 WHEN 1 THEN 'User'
 ELSE 'No Access'
END

Searched Case Statement
CASE
 WHEN @Temp > 30 THEN 'Hot'
 WHEN @Temp < 0 THEN 'Freezing'
 ELSE 'Between'
END 

Using Openrowset to return usable columns from a stored procedure

use master
go

-- drop if already present
if object_id('master..waittype_summary') is not null 
 drop proc waittype_summary

-- create procedure
create proc waittype_summary as
  select lastwaittype, 
        count(dbid) as process_count,
         sum(cpu) as cpu
    from master.dbo.sysprocesses
group by lastwaittype
order by sum(cpu) desc;
go

-- use openrowset to query the local procedure
select * from openrowset('SQLOLEDB', 'Trusted_Connection=Yes;Server=(local);Database=master', 'exec dbo.waittype_summary')
go


Although when running locally (as in this example), this is a daft idea (much easier to use a temp table) it demonstrates how to use openrowset.
Openrowset allows you to quickly connect to external data sources (access, excel, text files, oracle etc... ) without adding linked servers or importing data.
Under SQL 2005 however, we get this error -

Msg 15281, Level 16, State 1, Line 2
SQL Server blocked access to STATEMENT 'OpenRowset/OpenDatasource' of component 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries' because this component is turned off as part of the security configuration for this server. A system administrator can enable the use of 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries' by using sp_configure. For more information about enabling 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries', see "Surface Area Configuration" in SQL Server Books Online.

This is because SQL 2005 is more secure by default and the OpenRowset statement needs to be allowed via SAC (the Surface Area Configuration tool).

27/11/06 : More about that, here.

Thursday, 23 November 2006

Using temporary tables to return usable columns from a stored procedure

use master
go

-- clearup objects
if object_id('master..waittype_summary') is not null 
drop proc waittype_summary
if object_id('tempdb..#waittype_summary_results') is not null 
drop table #waittype_summary_results
go

-- procedure to fetch results from
create proc waittype_summary as
select lastwaittype, 
count(dbid) as process_count,
sum(cpu) as cpu
from master.dbo.sysprocesses
group by lastwaittype
order by sum(cpu) desc;
go

-- temp table to store results
create table #waittype_summary_results
( lastwaittype varchar(30),
process_count int,
cpu int );
go

-- populate temp table
insert into #waittype_summary_results exec waittype_summary

-- display results
select * from #waittype_summary_results

Monday, 13 November 2006

Find tables with triggers

sql 2005 +
select 
schemas.name as schema_name,
tables.name as table_name,
triggers.name as trigger_name
from 
sys.objects tables
inner join sys.objects  triggers
on triggers.parent_object_id = tables.object_id
inner join sys.schemas schemas
on tables.schema_id = schemas.schema_id
where triggers.type_desc = 'SQL_TRIGGER'

sql 2000
select
       object_name(parent_obj) as tablename
      ,name as triggername
from sysobjects
where type = 'tr'
order by 1, 2

Saturday, 11 November 2006

Linked Server : RPC error

Running a Stored Procedure on a Linked Server.
-- local server

exec sp_executesql N'select @@version'

-- remote server

exec tranasctional2005...sp_executesql N'select @@version'
" (1 row(s) affected) Msg 7411, Level 16, State 1, Line 4 Server 'tranasctional2005' is not configured for RPC. "

Right click, Linked server Name,

Select Properties.

Select Server Options page from the menu on the left.

Set RPC Out to 'True' on the pane on the right.

Friday, 3 November 2006

Shrinking Databases

This is difficult to perform without downtime as shrinking a database requires exclusive use of it.
If a database is online, the portion of the file in use is likely to be at the end of it, making reducing it's size impossible. SQL may have finished with the file and may just 'forgotten' to release this space. If this is the case, the following is worth a try.

Try the shrinkdatabase and shrinkfile methods below. They may achieve from partial to total success, depending on current activity i.e. any running processes.

Method 1 : Use the TSQL command dbcc shrinkdatabase >

i. Kill all running processes
ii. run the following sql -

dbcc shrinkdatabase (databasename, 'target percent')

Method 2 : Use the TSQL command dbcc shrinkfile to shrink the data & log files separately >

i. Kill all running processes
ii. run the following sql -

use tempdb
go
-- this command shrinks the primary data file
dbcc shrinkfile (datafile, 'target size in MB')
go
-- this command shrinks the primary data file
dbcc shrinkfile (datafilelog, 'target size in MB')
go

* you can specify a target size of 0 and SQL will shrink the file as much as it can (although the first operation on that db will inevitably trigger automatic growth)

In SQL 2005+, these tasks can be done from Management Studio by Right clicking the database, selecting 'Tasks' then 'Shrink' followed by 'Database' or 'Files'.

If the files dont shrink, identify and stop any running processes you can afford to and repeat.
Running processes can be viewed in Activity Monitor (Server > Management > Activity Monitor in Management Studio).

If they have stalled and are stuck or you simply want to stop them, right click the process and select 'Kill Process'. Then click 'Yes' to confirm.


Shrinking TempDB

TempDB is a SQL Server System Database. It is a temporary database, used both as a work area for internal processing and to store temporary objects created by users.
It is recreated each time SQL Server starts.

Method 1 (Downtime allowed) -

Stop and Start the SQL Server service.
TempDB will be recreated at its initial size as set in the Files page of the Database Properties.


Method 2 (No Downtime) -

Kill as many processes as you can afford to, and use the TSQL commands e.g.

use tempdb
go
dbcc shrinkfile (tempdev, 'target size in MB')
go
dbcc shrinkfile (templog, 'target size in MB')
go


( In SQL 2005+, this can be done from Management Studio by Right clicking the database, selecting 'Tasks' then 'Shrink' followed by 'Database' or 'Files'. )

Thursday, 2 November 2006

Networking : Black Hole Router

Matter entering a black hole in space is never seen again.
Ditto for network packets entering a 'Black Hole Router'.

A black hole router is one that simply drops packets destined for an ip address without even reporting that the host is not reachable.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_hole_%28networking%29

Sunday, 29 October 2006

Bad Autogrowth

The default Autogrowth for a new database is 'By 1 MB, unrestricted growth'

Imagine this default is still set on a production server, and you import a 50MB file when the datafile is at capacity.
The result is that 50 occurences of 1MB autogrow operations occur.
This is costly in terms of performance.

Now imagine multiple databases, all growing at varying rates (now that sounds like EVERY server doesn't it?)
As each of these datafiles 'expand' they take more disk space, grabbing the next available area on the disk. In this way, fragmentation of database files occurs.
As time goes on, simple database operations will rely more heavily on the disk as the server fetches data from logical files that are physically fragmented i.e. split.

Morals of this story...

1) Manually set data file sizes, allowing for expansion.
2) Review Disk/File fragmentation and perform disk maintenance
3) Do 1) & 2) regularly (stick reminders in your outlook!)

Saturday, 28 October 2006

Cryptographic Keys in SQL 2005

Certificates and Asymmetric keys (#updated June 2008)


Basics :
Both 'Certificates' and 'Asymmetric keys' use Asymmetric encryption (RSA keys).

Certificates (sql 2000+) allow importing of keys from certificate files.
Asymmetric keys (sql 2005+) support importing keys from strong name files or sql assemblies.

Certificate files (.CER) are created using Microsoft Cerfificate Services (Windows Server 2000, 2003) or Active Directory Certificate Services (Windows 2008)

See my notes on cryptography, here.

Friday, 27 October 2006

Cryptography & Keys

Cryptography is securing (encrypting and ultimately decrypting) data so that sensitive information can be stored safely or transmitted across insecure networks.

Some Terminology -

Key - A sequence of bits, used by encryption algorithmns.

A 40 bit key > 10011110 01010101 00001010 01101001 00011100

Plaintext - The original message / content that was encrypted
Ciphertext - The encrypted version of a message
Cryptographic Strength - Time / Resources to break the ciphertext.

Cryptography works by applying a cipher or algorithm to plaintext to produce the ciphertext.
A key is used in conjunction with the algorithm. This way, the same algorithmn encrypts differently with different keys.

Cryptographic strength is dependent on a) algorithmn strength and b) key secrecy

Cryptographic Systems : Symmetric vs Asymmetric

Symmetric Cryptography (Private-key cryptography) -
Both sender & receiver have the SAME key.

Asymmetric Cryptography (Public-key cryptography)
Both sender & receiver have a PAIR of keys (public & private).
The public key is published (eg in the email signature of PGP users) whereas the private key is exactly that.
The receiver's key can decrypt messages encyrpted with the sender's key (& vice versa)
Any knowing the public key can Encrypt, but only people knowing the private key can Decrypt.
Asymmetric decryption is much slower and key sizes are bigger than symmetric keys.

n-bit Encryption
Simply, this refers to the key length used to encrypt data.
1 ASCII character = 8 bits, hence 128bit encyrption with an ASCII key means (8 x 13 = 128), a 13 character key length.
1 HEX character = 4 bits, hence 128bit encryption with a HEX key means (4 x 26 = 128), a 26 character key length

The number of combinations possible (i.e sequential attempts required to crack ciphertext via brute force) can be expressed as 2^n, where n is the represents the bit strength of the key.

For 40 bit encryption >
2^40 = 1099511627776 combinations

For 64 bit encryption >
2^64 = 18446744073709551616 combinations

For 128 bit encryption >
2^128 = 3.40282367 × 10^38 combinations

For 256 bit encryption >
2^256 = 1.1579208923731619542357098500869 x 10^77 combinations

Tuesday, 24 October 2006

UPDATE using inner SELECT

Using an UPDATE with an inner joined results set.
Demonstrated for simplicity here, but useful in the update criteria become complicated >
UPDATE person
SET surname = updated.surname
FROM person
INNER JOIN
( SELECT correctdata.pk, correctdata.title, correctdata.surname, incorrectdata.title, incorrectdata.surname
FROM person_import correctdata
INNER JOIN person incorrectdata
ON correctdata.pk = incorrectdata.pk
WHERE incorrectdata.surname is null
) AS updated
ON person.pk = updated.pk

Friday, 13 October 2006

SQL Code Searching - Views

-- view search

SELECT TABLE_NAME 
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.VIEWS 
WHERE VIEW_DEFINITION LIKE '%q=%' 

SQL Code Searching - Stored Procedures


-- sp search

select routine_name
    from information_schema.routines
    where routine_definition like '%code%'
    and routine_type = 'procedure'

SQL Code Searching - Views

-- view search

select table_name
    from information_schema.views
    where view_definition like '%code%'

Saturday, 7 October 2006

SQL Schema Searching - Columns

-- column search

select table_name
from information_schema.columns
where column_name = 'columnname'

Thursday, 5 October 2006

UltraEdit Macro - HTML Formatting

InsertMode
ColumnModeOff
HexOff
UnixReOn
TabsToSpaces
Find "&"
Replace All "&"
Find ">"
Replace All ">"
Find "<"
Replace All "<"
Find "  "
Replace All "  "
Find "^p"
Replace All "
^p" 

Wednesday, 4 October 2006

2005 Maintenance Plan - Error 14234

Attempting to set up a simple backup job on another team's sql box. Went through all the wizard steps to create a backup job for them. Failed at the final hurdle, with >

Create maintenance plan failed.Additional information:Create failed for JobStep 'Subplan'. (Microsoft.SqlServer.MaintenancePlanTasks)

An exception occurred while executing a Transact-SQL statement or batch. (Microsoft.SqlServer.ConnectionInfo)

The specified '@subsystem' is invalid (valid values are returned by sp_enum_sqlagent_subsystems). (Microsoft SQL Server, Error 14234)

This is due to not having Integration Services installed.

Bizarre that maintenance plans should need them, but there you go! Mind you, it was an unpatched system that I'm not responsible for, so maybe this error becomes more obvious in a later release.

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/909036

Friday, 29 September 2006

SQL 101 : Email

SQL 2005

SQL Server 2005 replaces SQL Mail with Database Mail which allows you to send to a SMTP Server directly.

Enabling Database Mail on a server (via SAC | via TSQL)

Configuring Database Mail via TSQL


SQL 2000

SQL Server 2000 features two ways to access email functionality, 'SQL Mail' and 'SQLAgentMail'.

Both components are MAPI applications, hence MAPI must be present on the server e.g. through Microsoft Outlook.
Through MAPI, SQL 2000 can talk to Exchange or POP3 mail servers.
Setting this up requires Outlook to be installed on the SQL Server, configured with a mailbox and profile name (log in as the account sql runs under to do so).

How to Configure SQL Mail
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/263556

In practice, MAPI can be a real pain both in terms of setup and reliability (a must if using for system notifications).
Therefore multiple solutions exist on the web to send email via other delivery mechanisms from SQL Stored procedures.

CDONTS (think Windows NT) requires a local 'virtual' SMTP server to be installed which is configured to forward emails to a physical one.

CDOSYS (Windows 2000 onwards) can send to a local or remote SMTP server.
Both methods require elavated privileges or the sysadmin role.

CDOSYS example

How to send e-mail without using SQL Mail in SQL Server
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/312839

Saturday, 23 September 2006

NOT IN vs NOT EXISTS vs OUTER JOIN

3 ways Missing Data to locate missing data.
All are executed indentically according to the execution plan.
The third (outer join with null checking) is probably the most accedemically correct, though (IMHO) the least readable..

-- not in
select * from Sales.SalesOrderDetail
where SalesOrderID not in (select SalesOrderID from Sales.SalesOrderHeader)

-- not exists
select * from Sales.SalesOrderDetail SalesOrderDetail
where not exists (select * from Sales.SalesOrderHeader SalesOrderHeader
where SalesOrderDetail.SalesOrderID = SalesOrderHeader.SalesOrderID)

-- outer join and NULL checking
select * from Sales.SalesOrderDetail SalesOrderDetail
left outer join Sales.SalesOrderHeader SalesOrderHeader
on SalesOrderDetail.SalesOrderID = SalesOrderHeader.SalesOrderID
where SalesOrderHeader.SalesOrderID is null

Friday, 22 September 2006

SQL 2000 > 2005 Linked Server Error

" A severe error occurred on the current command. The results, if any, should be discarded. "

This occurs passing a NVARCHAR to sp_executesql on sql 2000 when linking to a 2005 instance.

Sql 2000 could not cope with the output returned by sql 2005 hence although the steps ran perfectly on their own.

declare @chvDataBaseName varchar(100)
declare @sql nvarchar(2000)
set @chvDataBaseName = 'northwind'

-- backup on local server

set @sql = N' BACKUP DATABASE ' + @chvDataBaseName
set @sql = @sql + ' TO DISK = N''d:\tempmigrationfolder\'
set @sql = @sql + @chvDataBaseName + '.BAK'' WITH NOFORMAT, INIT,'
set @sql = @sql + ' NAME = N''Full Database Backup'','
set @sql = @sql + ' SKIP, NOREWIND, NOUNLOAD, STATS = 10'
print @sql
execute linked2005server.master.sp_executesql @sql


It is confirmed as a bug. I simply reversed my plan and ran the script from sql2005 performing the remote call on the sql 2000 databases.

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/896373

Saturday, 16 September 2006

SQL 2005 : Database Mail

Msg 15281, Level 16, State 1, Procedure sp_send_dbmail, Line 0 "SQL Server blocked access to procedure 'dbo.sp_send_dbmail' of component 'Database Mail XPs' because this component is turned off as part of the security configuration for this server. A system administrator can enable the use of 'Database Mail XPs' by using sp_configure. For more information about enabling 'Database Mail XPs', see "Surface Area Configuration" in SQL Server Books Online. "

By default, Database Mail is not enabled when SQL 2005 is installed.

You can enable it by the Surface Area Configuration Tool or by TSQL.

Friday, 15 September 2006

Enabling Database Mail via TSQL


-- allow advanced options

sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1; 
GO 
RECONFIGURE; 
GO

-- enable database mail (0 disables , 1 enables)
 
sp_configure 'Database Mail XPs', 1; 
GO 
RECONFIGURE 
GO

-- hide advanced options again

sp_configure 'show advanced options', 0; 
GO 
RECONFIGURE; 
GO 

Thursday, 14 September 2006

Enabling Database Mail via Surface Area Configuration

1) Launch Surface Area Configuration >

Start > Programs > Microsoft SQL Server 2005 > Configuration Tools > SQL Server Surface Area Configuration Tool


2) Open 'Surface Area Configuration for Features' (text link at bottom of page)


Click Database Mail and place an tick in the 'Enable Database Mail Stored Procedures'.
Click Apply then OK.

Sunday, 10 September 2006

Float as Varchar (Not Scientific)

Formatting a float in varchar but NOT in scientific notation
SELECT CONVERT(varchar(100), CAST(@testFloat AS decimal(38,2)))
or
SELECT STR(@testFloat, 38, 2)

Tuesday, 5 September 2006

Database Diagrams (SQL 2005)

A bit primitive at the moment and nowhere near the database diagramming functionality provided in Visio, but its a start. Picking up on defined relationships in a database, here is what it made of a handful of AdventureWorks tables >

Monday, 4 September 2006

Excel VBA - Code for importing a SQL Server table

Excel VBA - Code for importing a SQL Server table

Sub GetTableDataFromSQLServer()

' Declare the QueryTable object
Dim qt As QueryTable

' Set up the SQL Statement
sqlstring = 'select column1, column2, column3 from table'

' Set up the connection string, reference an ODBC connection
' Leave the name and password blank for NT authentication

connstring = 'ODBC;DSN=DataSouirceName;UID=;PWD=;Database=DatabaseName'

' Now implement the connection, run the query, and add
' the results to the spreadsheet starting at row A1

With ActiveSheet.QueryTables.Add(Connection:=connstring, Destination:=Range('A1'), Sql:=sqlstring)

.Refresh

End With
End Sub

Sunday, 3 September 2006

Configuring SQL Database Mail via TSQL

I personally find this quicker than using management studio...

USE msdb
GO
DECLARE @mailprofilename VARCHAR(100)
DECLARE @mailaccountname VARCHAR(100)
DECLARE @mailaccountdescription VARCHAR(100)
DECLARE @smtpserver VARCHAR(100)
DECLARE @emailaddress VARCHAR(100)
DECLARE @from VARCHAR(100)
DECLARE @to VARCHAR(100)

/*
Declare everything as variables (makes it nice and easy to reuse script)
*/

SET @mailprofilename = 'DBMail Profile';
SET @mailaccountname = 'SQL Administrator';
SET @mailaccountdescription = 'for sql generated email notifications';
SET @smtpserver = '192.168.0.20';
SET @emailaddress = 'SQLAdmin@mydomain.net';
SET @from = 'SQL Administrator';
SET @to = 'recipient@mydomain.net';

-- add mail account
EXECUTE msdb.dbo.sysmail_add_account_sp
@account_name = @mailaccountname,
@description = @mailaccountdescription,
@email_address = @emailaddress,
@display_name = @from,
@mailserver_name = @smtpserver

-- add mail profile
EXECUTE msdb.dbo.sysmail_add_profile_sp
@profile_name = @mailprofilename 

-- associate mail account & mail profile together
EXECUTE msdb.dbo.sysmail_add_profileaccount_sp
@profile_name = @mailprofilename,
@account_name = @mailaccountname,
@sequence_number = 1 ;

-- send test email
EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail
@recipients = @to,
@subject = 'rabbit, rabbit, rabbit, rabbit',
@body = 'bunny, bunny, bunny, bunny', 
@profile_name = @mailprofilename

Friday, 1 September 2006

Display ASCII table script

The extended characters ( > 127 ) will differ depending on collation...
if object_id('tempdb..#results') is not null
  drop table #results

create table #results (asciicode smallint,displaychar char)

declare @intCounter smallint
set @intCounter = 1
while @intCounter <= 255  
begin  
insert into #results (asciicode,displaychar)  
select @intCounter, char(@intCounter)  
set @intCounter = @intCounter + 1 
end  
select asciicode, displaychar from #results

Sunday, 27 August 2006

TSQL : Searching Job Steps

Searches steps of jobs defined on server.
Use to locate sql code performing a certain function.

use msdb
go

select sysjobs.name, sysjobsteps.command
from sysjobs
inner join sysjobsteps
on sysjobs.job_id = sysjobsteps.job_id
where command like '%searchstring%'
order by name

Reports In Management Studio 2005

Reports In Management Studio 2005

Support
No support for SQL 2000 instances
No support for databases prior to Compatibility Mode 90 (Restores of SQL 2000 databases on SQL 2005)

Report Types
Standard Reports - Inbuilt, see screenshots below.
Custom Reports (SP2 onwards) - Run a .RDL file (Reporting Services Report) within the context of the current server in Management St

Accessing Reports
Right click a node in Object Explorer to get Reports Menu
Standard Reports, Custom Reports and shortcuts to the most recently accessed reports are the options.

The list of available Reports is context sensitive e.g 'Service Broker Statistics' only appears when selecting reports from the 'Service Broker' node.

Standard Reports

17 Database Reports >

Navigating to Reports : (Databases > [database name] > )


Disk Usage :


Disk Usage by Top Tables :



Disk Usage by Table :


Disk Usage by Partition :


Backup and Restore Events :




All Transactions :


Top Transactions by Age :


All Blocking Transactions :


Top Transactions by Age :


Top Transactions by Blocked Transactions Count :


Top Transactions by Locks Count :


Resource Locking Statistics by Objects :


Object Execute Statistics :


Database Consistency history :


Index Usage Statistics :


Index Physical Statistics :


Schema Change history :


User Statistics :


Databases > [database name] > Service Broker Node >

Service Broker Statistics :


Server Reports >


Security > Logins >

Login Statistics :


Login Failures :


Resource Locking Statistics by login :


Management >

Tasks :


Number of Errors :



Notification Services >

General :


SQL Server Agent >

Job Steps Execution History :


Top Jobs :

Thursday, 24 August 2006

TSQL : Negate Time from DateTime column

update! doesn't incur an implicit conversion :
SELECT DATEADD(dd, DATEDIFF(dd, '1900-01-01', GETDATE()),'1900-01-01')

update! more efficient :
SELECT DATEADD(dd, DATEDIFF(dd,0,GETDATE()), 0)

original version :
SELECT CAST(FLOOR(CAST(GETDATE() AS FLOAT)) AS DATETIME)

Saturday, 19 August 2006

SQL 2000 ; Replication Clearup Script

Written by a colleague, this removes unnecessary constraints and columns when recovering a database previously replicated -
DECLARE @TabName varchar(255)
DECLARE @ConstName varchar(255)
DECLARE @SQL nvarchar(255)
DECLARE @Cnt as int
DECLARE @DBNAME as varchar(255)

SET @DBNAME = ''

use (databasename)

DECLARE Const_cursor CURSOR FOR



SELECT O_Table.[Name],
 O_Const.[Name]

FROM sysConstraints C

INNER JOIN sysObjects O_Table ON O_Table.[ID] = C.[ID]
INNER JOIN sysobjects O_Const ON O_Const.[ID] = C.ConstID

WHERE O_Const.[Name] LIKE 'DF__' + LEFT(O_Table.Name,9) + '__msrep__%'

ORDER BY 1,2

SET @Cnt = 0

OPEN Const_cursor

FETCH NEXT FROM Const_cursor INTO @TabName, @ConstName

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
  BEGIN
PRINT 'Processing ' + @TabName
SET @Cnt = @Cnt + 1

--First we need to drop the constraint
SELECT @SQL = 'ALTER TABLE ' + @DBNAME + @TabName + ' DROP CONSTRAINT ' + @ConstName
exec sp_executesql @SQL
PRINT @SQL

--Now drop the unneeded column
SELECT @SQL = 'ALTER TABLE ' + @DBNAME + @TabName + ' DROP COLUMN msrepl_tran_version'
exec sp_executesql @SQL
PRINT @SQL

FETCH NEXT FROM Const_cursor INTO @TabName, @ConstName
  END

PRINT ''
PRINT cast(@Cnt as varchar(3)) + ' Tables Processed'

CLOSE Const_cursor
DEALLOCATE Const_cursor

GO

Thursday, 10 August 2006

USP_FixUsers :: Fix All Orphanned Users

Reconnect matching user ids after restoring across servers
CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.USP_FixUsers
AS
/*
Based on the widely available sp_fixusers
*/
BEGIN
DECLARE @username varchar(25)
DECLARE fixusers CURSOR 
FOR
SELECT UserName = name FROM sysusers
WHERE issqluser = 1 and (sid is not null and sid <> 0x0)
and suser_sname(sid) is null
ORDER BY name
OPEN fixusers
FETCH NEXT FROM fixusers
INTO @username
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
EXEC sp_change_users_login 'update_one', @username, @username
FETCH NEXT FROM fixusers
INTO @username
END
CLOSE fixusers
DEALLOCATE fixusers
END
GO

Wednesday, 9 August 2006

SQL connectivity issues

Steps to troubleshoot SQL connectivity issues ! NEW 30/04/08 !
http://blogs.msdn.com/sql_protocols/archive/2008/04/30/steps-to-troubleshoot-connectivity-issues.aspx

Troubleshoot Connectivity Issues in SQL Server 2005 - Part I
http://blogs.msdn.com/sql_protocols/archive/2005/10/22/483684.aspx

Troubleshoot Connectivity Issues in SQL Server 2005 - Part II
http://blogs.msdn.com/sql_protocols/archive/2005/10/29/486861.aspx

Troubleshoot Connectivity Issues in SQL Server 2005 - Part III
http://blogs.msdn.com/sql_protocols/archive/2005/12/22/506607.aspx

Outlook 2003+ : Customizing Startup Folder

Commands to start Outlook up with various views -
START /MAX '' 'C:\Program files\Microsoft Office\OFFICE11\OUTLOOK.EXE'
START /MAX '' 'C:\Program files\Microsoft Office\OFFICE11\OUTLOOK.EXE' /select outlook:tasks
START /MAX '' 'C:\Program files\Microsoft Office\OFFICE11\OUTLOOK.EXE' /select outlook:calendar
START /MAX '' 'C:\Program files\Microsoft Office\OFFICE11\OUTLOOK.EXE' /select outlook:contacts
START /MAX '' 'C:\Program files\Microsoft Office\OFFICE11\OUTLOOK.EXE' /select outlook:notes
Put your preferred options in a batch file to use multiple instances of outook (useful as can switch between outlook functionality on the grouped taskbar in xp).

Thursday, 3 August 2006

Dynamic SQL to set all databases to Simple recovery mode

-- Dynamic SQL to set all databases to Simple recovery mode

-- set all to simple
-- use this sql to generate to sql to perform this task.

use master
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE [' + name + '] SET RECOVERY SIMPLE' from master..sysdatabases where name not in ('master','model','msdb','tempdb')
 

Wednesday, 2 August 2006

Good Practice - Procedure Commenting

Demonstrates use of XML style comments block -

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[USP_ProcedureName]
/* 

  
   USP_ProcedureName
  
  
   Stored Procedure
  
  
   What the procedure does.
  
  
   
    1
    05/05/2006
    Joe Bloggs
    Original Version
   

   
    2
    23/06/2006
    Fred Bloggs
    Changed some code
   


   
    3
    01/08/2006
    Joe Bloggs
    Changed some more code
   


*/
AS
BEGIN
-- Do stuff here!!!
END

Saturday, 22 July 2006

TSQL : Generating GUIDs

Non-sequential, but UNIQUE ID values -
SELECT NewID()


8E8DDFD9-568C-4815-832B-551604AEFB9F

Friday, 21 July 2006

sp_changeobjectowner

Changes the owner of an object (table/view/sp etc) -

use :
sp_changeobjectowner [objectname] , [new owner]

example :
sp_changeobjectowner 'fasttrackuser.FastTrackPackageDocumentsCombinations', 'dbo'

remarks :
must have appropriate permissions to perform this action.

Sunday, 16 July 2006

USP_DropTableConstraints (SQL 2000 Version)

Drops Constraints for given table name (SQL 2000 Version) -
CREATE PROCEDURE USP_DropTableConstraints @tablename VARCHAR(128)    
AS

 SET NOCOUNT ON

 DECLARE  @constraintname VARCHAR(128),
          @sqlcmd         VARCHAR(1024)
                    
 DECLARE CONSTRAINTSCURSOR CURSOR  FOR
 SELECT NAME
 FROM   SYSOBJECTS
 WHERE  XTYPE IN ('C','F','PK','UQ',
                  'D')
        AND (STATUS & 64) = 0
        AND PARENT_OBJ = OBJECT_ID(@tablename)
                        
 -- nb : xtype refers to CHECK, FOREIGN KEY, PRIMARY KEY, UNIQUE, and DEFAULT constraints.

 OPEN CONSTRAINTSCURSOR

 FETCH NEXT FROM CONSTRAINTSCURSOR
 INTO @constraintname

 WHILE (@@FETCH_STATUS = 0)
   BEGIN
     SELECT @sqlcmd = 'ALTER TABLE ' + @tablename + ' DROP CONSTRAINT ' + @constraintname
     EXEC( @sqlcmd)
     FETCH NEXT FROM CONSTRAINTSCURSOR
     INTO @constraintname
   END
  
 CLOSE CONSTRAINTSCURSOR

 DEALLOCATE CONSTRAINTSCURSOR

 RETURN 0
       
GO

Wednesday, 12 July 2006

Good Practice - Schema Scripting

Dealing with multiple situtations involving lazy developers and offshored software houses means i am supplied a fair number of (often untested) scripts.

Here are some examples for those supplying schema modifications -

example 1 - When replacing an database object, check for its existance
and drop it first before attempting to create it.

IF EXISTS(select * from information_schema.tables
    where table_name ='FORECAST_BREAKDOWN')
BEGIN
 DROP TABLE [dbo].[FORECAST_BREAKDOWN]
END

 CREATE TABLE [dbo].[FORECAST_BREAKDOWN](
  [STACK_ID] [numeric](10, 0) NOT NULL,
  [PLOT_CODE] [varchar](20) NOT NULL,
  [FB_AMOUNT] [numeric](35, 10) NOT NULL CONSTRAINT [DF__FORECAST___FB_AM__54EB90A0]  DEFAULT ((0)),
  [DESCRIPTION] [varchar](255) NULL,
  [FB_DATE] [datetime] NULL)
go


example 2 - Check for the existence of a column before attempting to add it.

IF NOT EXISTS(select * from information_schema.columns
    where table_name ='forecast_breakdown'
    and column_name = 'srno')
BEGIN
 PRINT 'Column not present, creating...'
 ALTER TABLE [FORECAST_BREAKDOWN] ADD SRNO INT
END
ELSE
BEGIN
 PRINT 'Column already present'
END


These examples show how to script table and column changes. There are many more INFORMATION_SCHEMA views documented here > http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms186778.aspx

Friday, 7 July 2006

Restore TSQL

RESTORE DATABASE [databasename]
FROM DISK = N'c:\database.bak'
WITH MOVE 'databasename' TO 'D:\data\databasename.mdf',
MOVE 'databasename_log' TO 'E:\logs\databasename.ldf', NOUNLOAD, STATS = 10
GO

Tuesday, 4 July 2006

SQL : Data Search Script

/*
dynamic sql to search for data
*/

select  'if exists (select 1 from [' +
 table_name +
 '] where ' +
 column_name +
 ' like ''%Fred Bloggs%'' ) print ''' +
 table_name +
 '/' +
 column_name +
 '''' +
 char(10) +
 'go'
from  information_schema.columns
where data_type in ('ntext','smallint','int','char', 'varchar', 'nvchar', 'nvarchar')
and table_schema = 'dbo'
and column_name <> 'order'

Monday, 3 July 2006

Saturday, 1 July 2006

Full Text Indexes - Indexing Priority

To set the priority for full text indexes i.e. how much processor is dedicated to performing the indexing process (and consequently how quickly the job completes), use the following command.

sp_fulltext_service 'resource_usage' , n


where n is a value from 1 to 5 representing low to high priority respectively.

Thursday, 29 June 2006

Disabling the annoying system beep!

The system beep is unaffected by windows volume control / sound card settings. If you're working late@ night and dont want to upset the missus, here is how to disable it >

Go to the dos prompt (START > RUN > type 'CMD' {Enter]
Run these 2 commands >
net stop beep [ENTER]
sc config beep start= disabled [ENTER]

Personally, i pasted those two command lines into a batch file and ran it on my machines (physical and virtual).

Monday, 26 June 2006

LDAP Error

Recording this as a memory jogger in case I see it again...

" Msg 7346, Level 16, State 2, Line 1
Cannot get the data of the row from the OLE DB provider "ADSDSOObject" for linked server "linkedservername".

Could not convert the data value due to reasons other than sign mismatch or overflow. "

Was retrieving data from Active Directory via a linked server in SQL.
Bottom line is that you cannot use OPENQUERY to get multivalued attributes or columns containing date information from AD.

Sunday, 25 June 2006

Querying Active Directory Group membership from SQL

Querying Active Directory Group membership from SQL

Inspired from (& based on) code @ http://codebetter.com/blogs/brendan.tompkins/archive/2003/12/19/4746.aspx

This code looks at an LDAP v2 source eg; Windows 2000 and fetches users, groups and membership information.

You need to set up a linked server called 'ADSI' to get this to function.

Setting up the linked server -

EXEC master.dbo.sp_addlinkedserver @server = N'ADSI', @srvproduct=N'Active Directory Services 2.5', @provider=N'ADSDSOObject', @datasrc=N'adsdatasource'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_addlinkedsrvlogin @rmtsrvname=N'ADSI',@useself=N'False',@locallogin=NULL,@rmtuser=N'domain\user',@rmtpassword='########'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'collation compatible', @optvalue=N'false'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'data access', @optvalue=N'true'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'dist', @optvalue=N'false'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'pub', @optvalue=N'false'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'rpc', @optvalue=N'false'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'rpc out', @optvalue=N'false'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'sub', @optvalue=N'false'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'connect timeout', @optvalue=N'0'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'collation name', @optvalue=null
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'lazy schema validation', @optvalue=N'false'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'query timeout', @optvalue=N'0'
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_serveroption @server=N'ADSI', @optname=N'use remote collation', @optvalue=N'true'


The code itself -

-- Configure AD Domain to search

DECLARE  @strDC           NVARCHAR(100)
SET @strDC = 'dc=domain,dc=co,dc=uk'

-- Declare Variables

DECLARE  @chvAlphaChars   VARCHAR(60),
         @chvSearch       VARCHAR(10),
         @chvSearchLevel1 VARCHAR(1),
         @chvSearchLevel2 VARCHAR(1),
         @chvSearchLevel3 VARCHAR(1),
         @intcountLevel1  INT,
         @intcountLevel2  INT,
         @intcountLevel3  INT,
         @intRowCount     INT,
         @strSQL          NVARCHAR(4000),
         @strADSISQL      NVARCHAR(4000),
   @Login     VARBINARY(85),
   @CN     VARCHAR(512),
   @CT     INT,
   @ADRoot    VARCHAR(255)

                        
-- Declare temp tables

IF EXISTS (SELECT *
     FROM   TEMPDB.DBO.SYSOBJECTS
     WHERE  ID = OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.#LDAP_AD_V2_Users'))
  DROP TABLE #LDAP_AD_V2_USERS
  
CREATE TABLE [DBO].[#LDAP_AD_V2_USERS] (
  [ROW_ID]          [INT]   IDENTITY ( 1,1 )   NOT NULL,
  [SID]             [VARBINARY](85)   NULL,
  [SAMACCOUNTNAME]  [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [CN]              [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [SN]              [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [DISPLAYNAME]     [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [GIVENNAME]       [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [TELEPHONENUMBER] [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [ADSPATH]         [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [HOMEDIRECTORY]   [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [MAIL]            [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [MEMBEROF]        [NVARCHAR](256)   NULL,
  [PRIMARYGROUPID]  [INT],
  [CREATETIMESTAMP] DATETIME)
ON [PRIMARY]

IF EXISTS (SELECT *
           FROM   TEMPDB.DBO.SYSOBJECTS
           WHERE  ID = OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.#LDAP_AD_V2_Groups'))
     DROP TABLE #LDAP_AD_V2_GROUPS
  
CREATE TABLE [DBO].[#LDAP_AD_V2_GROUPS] (
  [ID]          [INT]   IDENTITY ( 1,1 )   NOT NULL,
  [LOGIN]       [VARCHAR](512)   NULL,
  [EMAIL]       [VARCHAR](255)   NULL,
  [ACCTNAME]    [VARCHAR](512)   NULL,
  [DISTNAME]    [VARCHAR](512)   NULL,
  [CREATEDDATE] [DATETIME]   NULL,
  [CHANGEDDATE] [DATETIME]   NULL,
  [MGR]         [VARCHAR](512)   NULL,
  [SID]         [VARBINARY](85)  NULL)
ON [PRIMARY]

IF EXISTS (SELECT *
           FROM   TEMPDB.DBO.SYSOBJECTS
           WHERE  ID = OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.#LDAP_AD_V2_UserGroups'))
     DROP TABLE #LDAP_AD_V2_USERGROUPS
  
CREATE TABLE [DBO].[#LDAP_AD_V2_USERGROUPS] (
  [USERLOGIN]  [VARBINARY](85)   NOT NULL,
  [GROUPLOGIN] [VARBINARY](85)   NULL)
ON [PRIMARY]

-- POPULATION OF USERS

-- Search letters to cycle through             
-- any chars, but the first char must be a space
SET @chvAlphaChars = ' ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ.-_`0123456789'
SET NOCOUNT ON

-- start on non space char
SET @intcountLevel1 = 2
-- first level loop
WHILE @intcountLevel1 <= LEN(@chvAlphaChars)
  BEGIN
    -- get first level char
    SET @chvSearchLevel1 = SUBSTRING(@chvAlphaChars,@intcountLevel1,1)                           
    -- reset start on space
    SET @intcountLevel2 = 1                          
    -- second level loop
    WHILE @intcountLevel2 <= LEN(@chvAlphaChars)
      BEGIN
        -- reset start on space
        SET @intcountLevel3 = 1
        -- third level loop
        WHILE @intcountLevel3 <= LEN(@chvAlphaChars)
          BEGIN
            -- setup the string to search for. By using the trim function we can form each level depending on no records
            -- eg A 99, B 1000 > BA 9, BB 20 etc
            -- trim the spaces forming just A, B, C ; AA, AB for search etc
            SET @chvSearchLevel1 = SUBSTRING(@chvAlphaChars,@intcountLevel1,1)
            SET @chvSearchLevel2 = RTRIM(SUBSTRING(@chvAlphaChars,@intcountLevel2,1))
            SET @chvSearchLevel3 = RTRIM(SUBSTRING(@chvAlphaChars,@intcountLevel3,1))
   SET @chvSearch = @chvSearchLevel1 + @chvSearchLevel2 + @chvSearchLevel3
            SET @strADSISQL = 'select objectSid,cn,sn,displayName, sAMAccountName, givenName, telephoneNumber, adspath,  homedirectory, mail, primarygroupid, createTimeStamp ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'from  ''''LDAP://' + @strDC + '''''  ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'where objectCategory = ''''Person''''  ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'and   objectClass = ''''user'''' ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'and   sAMAccountName = ''''' + @chvSearch + '*'''' '                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
            SET @strSQL = 'insert into #LDAP_AD_V2_Users (sid,cn,sn,displayName, sAMAccountName, givenName, telephoneNumber, adspath,  homedirectory, mail, primarygroupid, createTimeStamp) ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'select objectSid,cn,sn,displayName, sAMAccountName, givenName, telephoneNumber, adspath,  homedirectory, mail, primarygroupid, createTimeStamp ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'from openquery(ADSI,''' + @strADSISQL + ''' ) ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'order by sAMAccountName'
            
            EXEC SP_EXECUTESQL @strSQL
              
            SET @intRowCount = @@ROWCOUNT
                               
            -- prints what string is being searched for : no of inserts
            -- PRINT @chvSearch + ' : ' + CONVERT(VARCHAR,@intRowCount)
            
            -- if searched on @chvSearchLevel1 and under 1000 then everything is fine so skip search2 to next search1 eg A > B
            IF @intRowCount < 1000
               AND @chvSearchLevel2 = ''
              SET @intcountLevel2 = @intcountLevel2 + 100
                                                      
            -- if searched on @chvSearchLevel2 and under 1000 then everything is fine so skip to next search2 eg AA > AB
            IF @intRowCount < 1000
               AND @chvSearchLevel3 = ''
              SET @intcountLevel3 = @intcountLevel3 + 100
                                                      
            -- else over 1000 so increment third level
            SET @intcountLevel3 = @intcountLevel3 + 1
          END
          
        -- increment next second level char
        SET @intcountLevel2 = @intcountLevel2 + 1
      END
      
    -- increment next first level char
    SET @intcountLevel1 = @intcountLevel1 + 1
  END
  

-- POPULATION OF GROUPS

SET @strADSISQL = 'select objectSid, managedBy, whenChanged, whenCreated, distinguishedName, name, samAccountName, mail ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'FROM ''''LDAP://' + @strDC + '''''  ' 
       + CHAR(13) + 'WHERE objectCategory = ''''Group'''' '
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
SET @strSQL  = 'insert into #LDAP_AD_V2_Groups (sid,mgr,changeddate,createddate,distname,acctname,email,login) ' 
      + CHAR(13) + 'select objectSid,managedBy,whenChanged,whenCreated,distinguishedName,name,mail,samAccountName ' 
      + CHAR(13) + 'from openquery(ADSI,''' + @strADSISQL + ''' ) ' 
      + CHAR(13) + 'order by sAMAccountName'

-- PRINT @strSQL
EXEC SP_EXECUTESQL  @strSQL
  

-- POPULATION OF USER > GROUPS RELATIONSHIP TABLE
                 
IF EXISTS (SELECT *
           FROM   TEMPDB.DBO.SYSOBJECTS
           WHERE  ID = OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.#CT'))
  DROP TABLE #CT
  
-- Create a temporary table to hold AD user SID values
CREATE TABLE #CT (CT VARBINARY(85))

-- Declare and open a cursor to step through the list of Active Directory groups
DECLARE CURGROUPS CURSOR  FOR
SELECT   SID,
         DISTNAME
FROM     #LDAP_AD_V2_GROUPS
ORDER BY LOGIN

OPEN CURGROUPS

FETCH NEXT FROM CURGROUPS
INTO @Login,
     @CN

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
  BEGIN
    -- Empty the temp table
    TRUNCATE TABLE #CT
    
    -- Build a SQL statement to insert the SID values directly from the linked server into the temp table
    SET @strsql = 'INSERT #CT
    SELECT *
    FROM OPENQUERY (
    ADSI,
    ''SELECT objectSid
    FROM ''''LDAP://' + @strDC + '''''  
    WHERE objectCategory = ''''User''''
    AND memberof=''''' + REPLACE(@CN,'''','''''''''') + ''''''')'
    
    EXEC( @strsql)
    
    -- Select the number of records inserted. If this value is less than 1000 then there is no need
    -- to execute the OLE calls, and we simply copy the values into the correlation table.
    SELECT @CT = COUNT(* )
    FROM   #CT

    --PRINT @ct    
    --PRINT @strsql
    
    IF @CT <> 0
      BEGIN
        INSERT #LDAP_AD_V2_USERGROUPS
              (USERLOGIN,
               GROUPLOGIN)
        SELECT CT,
               @Login
        FROM   #CT
        WHERE  CT IS NOT NULL
      END
      
    FETCH NEXT FROM CURGROUPS
    INTO @Login,
         @CN
  END
  
CURSORERROR:
CLOSE CURGROUPS
DEALLOCATE CURGROUPS
DROP TABLE #CT

/*
-- Individual SQL Statements to see users, groups & relationships
select * from #LDAP_AD_V2_Users
select * from #LDAP_AD_V2_Groups
select * from #LDAP_AD_V2_UserGroups
*/

-- Final Query to tie together the 3 tables and produce a report of group membership

SELECT #LDAP_AD_V2_GROUPS.ACCTNAME AS GROUPNAME,
       #LDAP_AD_V2_USERS.SAMACCOUNTNAME AS USERACCOUNT
FROM     #LDAP_AD_V2_USERGROUPS
         INNER JOIN #LDAP_AD_V2_USERS
           ON #LDAP_AD_V2_USERGROUPS.USERLOGIN = #LDAP_AD_V2_USERS.SID
         INNER JOIN #LDAP_AD_V2_GROUPS
           ON #LDAP_AD_V2_USERGROUPS.GROUPLOGIN = #LDAP_AD_V2_GROUPS.SID
ORDER BY #LDAP_AD_V2_GROUPS.ACCTNAME,
         #LDAP_AD_V2_USERS.SAMACCOUNTNAME

Friday, 23 June 2006

SQL 101 : Date Formatting

Casting a value as DateTime validates it -
-- SQL DateTime Validation
SELECT CAST('2006-03-31' AS datetime) -- Succeeds, 31 days in March
SELECT CAST('2006-04-31' AS datetime) -- Fails, only 30 days in April

SELECT CAST('2006-02-29' AS datetime) -- Fails, No 29th day in Feb 2006
SELECT CAST('2004-02-29' AS datetime) -- Succeeds, was a leap year
SELECT CAST('2002-02-29' AS datetime) -- Fails, No 29th day in Feb 2002
SELECT CAST('2000-02-29' AS datetime) -- Succeeds, was a leap year

When language is set to us_english, date format of 'mdy' expects the month to be provided before the day.
SET LANGUAGE us_english  -- Changed language setting to us_english.
SELECT CAST('2006-03-31' AS datetime) -- works
SELECT CAST('03-31-2006' AS datetime) -- works
SELECT CAST('31-03-2006' AS datetime) -- fails

When language is set to british, date format of 'dmy' expects the day to be provided before the month.
SET LANGUAGE british  -- Changed language setting to British.
SELECT CAST('2006-03-31' AS datetime)  -- fails
SELECT CAST('2006-31-03' AS datetime)  -- works
SELECT CAST('31-03-2006' AS datetime) -- works

In both of these cases, SQL correctly interprets the year, whether at the start or end of the string.
The failures generate -
Msg 242, Level 16, State 3, Line 7
The conversion of a char data type to a datetime data type resulted in an out-of-range datetime value.

Using set dateformat to override the language setting -
SET DATEFORMAT 'dmy'
-- example
SET LANGUAGE us_english  -- Changed language setting to us_english.
SET DATEFORMAT 'dmy'
SELECT CAST('31-03-2006' AS datetime) -- now succeeds.

Best Practice is to use a language neutral date format -
-- ISO 8601 format doesnt care about language >
SELECT CAST('2006-03-31T00:00:00' AS datetime)
-- Neither does removing the '-'
SELECT CAST('20060331' AS datetime)

More on language neutral date formats here - http://www.karaszi.com/SQLServer/info_datetime.asp

2 ways to get the current time & date -
SELECT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP
SELECT getdate()

Tuesday, 20 June 2006

FTP Server : Filezilla

I originally needed a ftp server for testing ftp functionality in an application. Filezilla Server was recommended to me as quick, easy and most importantly FREE!


Download it here > http://sourceforge.net/projects/filezilla/


They also do a free FTP client hence I'm ditching SmartFTP for Filezilla >


Yes, I know you can ftp from within I.E and the OS, but this is the real world, where usability and reliability rule :)

Monday, 19 June 2006

SQL : Make all columns NULLable


SELECT 'alter table ' + TABLE_NAME + ' alter column ' + COLUMN_NAME + ' ' + data_type + '(' + CAST(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH as VARCHAR(5)) + ') NULL'
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS
WHERE IS_NULLABLE = 'NO'
AND DATA_TYPE IN ('VARCHAR','CHAR')

Saturday, 17 June 2006

Dynamic SQL - Passing a parameter using sp_execute

/* 
Dynamic SQL : Passing a parameter to sp_execute
Example uses AdventureWorks db
*/

exec sp_executesql N'SELECT 
      e.[EmployeeID]
      ,c.[Title]
      ,c.[FirstName]
      ,c.[MiddleName]
      ,c.[LastName]
      ,c.[Suffix]
      ,e.[Title] AS [JobTitle] 
      ,c.[Phone]
      ,c.[EmailAddress]
      ,c.[EmailPromotion]
      ,a.[AddressLine1]
      ,a.[AddressLine2]
      ,a.[City]
      ,sp.[Name] AS [StateProvinceName] 
      ,a.[PostalCode]
      ,cr.[Name] AS [CountryRegionName] 
      ,c.[AdditionalContactInfo]
     FROM 
      [HumanResources].[Employee] e
     INNER JOIN [Person].[Contact] c 
       ON c.[ContactID] = e.[ContactID]
     INNER JOIN [HumanResources].[EmployeeAddress] ea 
       ON e.[EmployeeID] = ea.[EmployeeID] 
     INNER JOIN [Person].[Address] a 
       ON ea.[AddressID] = a.[AddressID]
     INNER JOIN [Person].[StateProvince] sp 
       ON sp.[StateProvinceID] = a.[StateProvinceID]
     INNER JOIN [Person].[CountryRegion] cr 
       ON cr.[CountryRegionCode] = sp.[CountryRegionCode]
         AND cr.[Name] = @Region',N'@Region varchar(20)','Germany'

Thursday, 15 June 2006

Send email from TSQL

SQL 2005 Database Mail, Sending email from TSQL -
This script assumes you have set up database mail with an account name of 'SQL Administrator' and provided valid SMTP details.

-- declare variables

DECLARE @chvFrom VARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @chvTo VARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @chvSubject VARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @chvBody VARCHAR(8000)

-- set values

SET @chvFrom = 'SQLAdmin@mydomain.net'
SET @chvTo = 'recipient@mydomain.net'
SET @chvSubject = 'Test email from ' + @@SERVERNAME
SET @chvBody = 'test body text'

-- send the mail

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail @profile_name='SQL Administrator', @recipients=@chvTo, @body=@chvBody,@subject=@chvSubject, @importance='High'

Wednesday, 7 June 2006

ISO Image Tools

Not so long ago, I was swimming in discs. Software and OS discs each on CD, neatly filed away in multiple folders. I was beginning to rival an MSDN subscription in terms of volume when I had a sort out, binned anything that had been superceeded and consolidating the rest to DVD.

The latest updates and installers are taking the form of ISO files i.e. image files of installation media. These are the FREE tools I rate for dealing with ISO files.

Daemon Tools - Emulates an optical drive so you can use an image without burning to disc.

UPDATE May 2010
Virtual Clonedrive is better and doesn't prompt you to install lots of add-ins / extras.

DoISO - Create ISO files from a given directory.

ImgBurn - Burns ISOs to disc and extracts images from discs. Especially good with 'difficult' discs. Used to be known as DVD Decrypter.

Sunday, 4 June 2006

SQL 2005+ - TRY CATCH Error detection

Prior to SQL 2005, errors in TSQL code had to be tested for and captured by @@ERROR.
SQL 2005 implements the TRY CATCH syntax in the same way as javascript, c++ and subsequently the .NET languages.

For example, using AdventureWorks, I purposely attempt to delete a record I shouldnt, and receive an error -

DELETE Person.Address WHERE AddressID = 1

Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 2
The DELETE statement conflicted with the REFERENCE constraint "FK_EmployeeAddress_Address_AddressID". The conflict occurred in database "AdventureWorks", table "HumanResources.EmployeeAddress", column 'AddressID'.
The statement has been terminated.

@@ERROR only contains the error in the very next statement after the error, hence to both examine & display the value I have to assign it to a local variable -

TSQL Programming to catch the error -

DECLARE @ErrorResult INTEGER
DELETE Person.Address WHERE AddressID = 1
SET @ErrorResult = @@ERROR
IF @ErrorResult <>0
 BEGIN
  PRINT 'Error ' + CAST(@ErrorResult AS VARCHAR(10)) + ' : Could not Delete record'
 END


Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 2
The DELETE statement conflicted with the REFERENCE constraint "FK_EmployeeAddress_Address_AddressID". The conflict occurred in database "AdventureWorks", table "HumanResources.EmployeeAddress", column 'AddressID'.
The statement has been terminated.
Error 547 : Could not Delete record

Note : both the SQL Error and my message are returned.

Using TRY/CATCH however, the error can be caught and the script continues -

BEGIN TRY
   -- Attempt delete of referenced record.
    DELETE Person.Address WHERE AddressID = 1
END TRY
BEGIN CATCH
    -- Do alternate action.
    PRINT 'Could not Delete record'
END CATCH


Much tidier, only my error message is returned -

Error 547 : Could not Delete record

Friday, 2 June 2006

Accessing AD Users & Computers on a Member Server

Launch Microsoft Management Console
Start > Run > MMC [enter]

File > Add / Remove Snap-In
Click 'Add' to see available snap-ins.

Select 'Active Directory Users and Computers'
Click the 'Add', then 'Close' and finally 'OK'.

The functionality available will obviously depend on who you are logged in as.

Thursday, 1 June 2006

Removing Database Backup History

The msdb database stores (amongst other things) the history of backups performed on the sql instance.
Once a backup has been archived, i.e. moved away from the location it was originally written to, there is no need to keep the record of the backup. Infact, these records build up, increasing the size of the msdb database (quickly if frequent transaction log backups are performed).

To see the date range of backup history you have, us this query -
use msdb
SELECT 
  a.name
, MIN(b.backup_finish_date) EarliestSuccessfulBackup
, MAX(b.backup_finish_date) LatestSuccessfulBackup
FROM master..sysdatabases a
LEFT OUTER JOIN msdb..backupset b ON a.name = b.database_name
GROUP BY a.name
ORDER BY a.name
To prevent this occuring, use system stored procedure sp_delete_backuphistory and pass it the date of the oldest record you want to keep.
use msdb
go
exec sp_delete_backuphistory '1/1/2006'
If a database is removed altogether, zap it's backup history like this -
exec msdb.dbo.sp_delete_database_backuphistory 'Adventureworks'
If backups are archived regularly, schedule a job to remove excess history records, like this -
-- Calculate date to be used when removing records,
-- This example deletes records over a month old.
DECLARE @dtOldest_date DATETIME
SET @dtOldest_date = dateadd(month, -1, getdate())
EXEC msdb..sp_delete_backuphistory @dtOldest_date
NB :SQL 2005+ addresses this by providing cleanup tasks in the Maintainence Plans (if you use them).

Monday, 29 May 2006

Stored Procedures - Output Parameters

Demonstrates the use of the OUTPUT parameter from a stored procedure -
CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.GetCountByLastName (
@DepartmentName NVARCHAR(50),
@DepartmentCount INT OUTPUT )
AS
select @DepartmentCount = COUNT(*) from HumanResources.EmployeeDepartmentHistory h
inner join HumanResources.Department d
on h.DepartmentID = d.DepartmentID
where d.Name = @DepartmentName and EndDate IS NULL
group by d.Name


Call the procedure like this to fetch the output -
declare @intDepartmentCount int

exec dbo.GetCountByLastName
@DepartmentName = 'Marketing',
@DepartmentCount = @intDepartmentCount OUTPUT

select @intDepartmentCount  as DepartmentCount

Sunday, 28 May 2006

Occasional SQL User?


SQL Server runs as a service. Brilliant on a server, not so brilliant if you just wasn't to do the occasional bit of development on a laptop!

This is where placing a couple of batch files (remember them?) on your desktop can help.
Create two files, say StartSQL.bat and StopSQL.bat and place the following lines in them respectively.

net start mssqlserver

net stop mssqlserver

Then go to Services (located in Control Panel > Administrative Tools) and set SQL Server (MSSQLSERVER) to Manual startup.



Now, SQL wont start on reboot and you turn it on only when you need to.

Wednesday, 24 May 2006

Generic Cursor Template

Generic CURSOR Template -
DECLARE @Variable VARCHAR(200)
DECLARE CURSORNAME CURSOR FOR
SELECT ColumnName FROM Table         
OPEN CURSORNAME
FETCH NEXT FROM CURSORNAME INTO @Variable

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN

-- DO STUFF HERE !!

FETCH NEXT FROM CURSORNAME INTO @Variable
END

CLOSE CURSORNAME
DEALLOCATE CURSORNAME

Tuesday, 23 May 2006

SQL 2000 : Sending Mail WITHOUT Sql Mail

Creating the procedure -

create procedure [dbo].[CdoSysEMail] 
 (
 @email_from    varchar(200), 
 @email_to      varchar(200), 
 @email_bcc     varchar(200) = '', 
 @email_subject varchar(200) = '', 
 @email_body    varchar(7000) =''
 )
as 

begin
 -- declare variables
 declare @obj_message_id int 
 declare @output int 
 declare @error_output varchar(5000) 
 declare @error_source varchar(255) 
 declare @error_description varchar(1000) 
  
 -- create CDO.Message object 
 exec @output = sp_OACreate 'CDO.Message', @obj_message_id OUT 

 -- set server properties in the object
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'Configuration.fields("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/sendusing").Value','2' 
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'Configuration.fields("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/smtpserverport").Value','25'
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'Configuration.fields("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/smtpauthenticate").Value','0'
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'Configuration.fields("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/smtpserver").Value', '193.19.88.36'

 -- save those properties
 exec @output = sp_OAMethod @obj_message_id, 'Configuration.Fields.Update', Null
 
 -- pass the procedure parameters through to the e-mail
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'To', @email_to
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'Bcc', @email_bcc
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'From', @email_from
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'Subject', @email_subject
 exec @output = sp_OASetProperty @obj_message_id, 'TextBody', @email_body

 -- send the email
 exec @output = sp_OAMethod @obj_message_id, 'Send', NULL
 
 -- error handling 
 if @output <> 0 
 begin
  declare @No Int
  Set @No=@output
  Select @No
      exec @output = sp_OAGetErrorInfo NULL, @error_source OUT, @error_description OUT
  if @output = 0
   begin
   Set @error_output = 'Error : ' + cast(@No As varchar) + ', Source: ' + @error_source + ', Description: ' + @error_description
   Raiserror(@error_output,16,1)
   end
  else
   begin
      Raiserror('could not determine error (sp_OAGetErrorInfo failed)', 16,1)
      end
 end
 
 -- clean up
 exec @output = sp_OADestroy @obj_message_id
end
go


Testing the procedure -

execute CdoSysEMail 
 @email_from ='sqladmin@mydomain.net',
 @email_to = 'recipient@mydomain.net', 
 @email_subject = 'test, please ignore!', 
 @email_body = 'test message body'

Friday, 19 May 2006

TSQL : Swap Databases

Swap databases code.

Useful for quickly switching content, e.g for websites.
ALTER DATABASE Database1  SET SINGLE_USER with rollback immediate
ALTER DATABASE Database2  SET SINGLE_USER with rollback immediate

EXEC sp_renamedb 'Database1', 'Database3'
EXEC sp_renamedb 'Database2', 'Database1'
EXEC sp_renamedb 'Database3', 'Database2'

ALTER DATABASE Database1  SET MULTI_USER
ALTER DATABASE Database2  SET MULTI_USER

Monday, 15 May 2006

TSQL : Restoring a database to a point in time (Litespeed version)

Sql to restore LiteSpeed backups.

-- restore main bak first

exec master.dbo.xp_restore_database
@database = 'Accounts' ,
@filename = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Accounts\Accounts_20060502001507_Friday_LS.bak' ,
@filenumber = 1,
@with = 'NORECOVERY',
@with = 'NOUNLOAD',
@with = 'STATS = 10',
@with = 'REPLACE'
go

-- restore latest diff

exec master.dbo.xp_restore_database
@database = 'Accounts',
@filename = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Accounts\Accounts_20060502014913_Thursday.diff',
@filenumber = 1,
@with = 'NORECOVERY',
@with = 'NOUNLOAD',
@with = 'STATS = 10',
@with = 'REPLACE'
go

-- restore transaction log backups
-- repeat for each one, changing NORECOVERY to RECOVERY for the last one.

exec master.dbo.xp_restore_database
@database = 'Accounts',
@filename = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Accounts\Accounts_20060502060107_Thursday.trn',
@filenumber = 1,
@with = 'NORECOVERY',
@with = 'NOUNLOAD',
@with = 'STATS = 10',
@with = 'REPLACE'
go

Saturday, 13 May 2006

TSQL : Restoring a database to a point in time

Sql to use once you have identified which backup files need to be restored...
-- restore last full backup
-- use NORECOVERY to state you want to add further backup files

RESTORE DATABASE Sales
FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060423180002_Wednesday_MS.bak'
WITH NORECOVERY

-- add last differential backup
-- use NORECOVERY to state you want to add further backup files

RESTORE DATABASE Sales
FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060425010002_Friday.diff'
WITH NORECOVERY
go

-- apply transaction log backups , up until the point you wish to restore to
-- use NORECOVERY to state you want to add further backup files
-- on the final restore, omit WITH NORECOVERY or specify WITH RECOVERY so the db is readable.

RESTORE LOG Sales FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060425060000_Friday_MS.trn' WITH NORECOVERY
RESTORE LOG Sales FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060425070000_Friday_MS.trn' WITH NORECOVERY
RESTORE LOG Sales FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060425080000_Friday_MS.trn' WITH NORECOVERY
RESTORE LOG Sales FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060425090000_Friday_MS.trn' WITH NORECOVERY
RESTORE LOG Sales FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060425100000_Friday_MS.trn' WITH NORECOVERY
RESTORE LOG Sales FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060425110000_Friday_MS.trn' WITH NORECOVERY
RESTORE LOG Sales FROM DISK = '\\FILESTORE\SQL$\Sales\Sales_20060425120000_Friday_MS.trn'
go

Friday, 12 May 2006

SQL 2005 - Overview

SQL 2005 Management Studio
'Management Studio' is the primary interface for managing SQL 2005 servers and is backwards compatible with older servers.
It acts as the replacement for the main SQL 2000 tools, namely 'Enterprise Manager' , 'Query Analyser' and 'Analysis Manager'.
Management Studio Overview
SSIS - Sql Server Integration Services
In Sql Server 2005, The DTS (Data Transformation Services) functionality has been replaced with SSIS - Sql Server Integration Services.
SSIS is an installable component and provides powerful ETL (extraction, transformation & loading) capability.
SSIS supports automation in the same was that DTS packages could be executed and monitored from within other languages.
To design 'Integration Services' projects you use the Business Intelligence Studio Interface (also used for Analysis Services & Reporting Services components). If you already have Visual Studio 2005 installed, SQL 2005 projects fall within the 'Business Intelligence Projects' project type.
To execute 'Integration Services' projects you use 'SQL Server Management Studio'.
Integration Services Resources
Analysis Services 2005
Analysis Services was present on Sql Server 2000.
Like its predecessor, Analysis Services 2005 allows you to create and manage OLAP (Online Analytical Processing) cubes.
Unlike its predecessor, Analysis Services 2005 makes the task a lot easier by combining old Enterprise Manager, Query Analyser and DTS functionality.
'Analysis Services' projects are designed within the Business Intelligence Studio Interface (also used for Integration Services & Reporting Services components). If you already have Visual Studio 2005 installed, SQL 2005 projects fall within the 'Business Intelligence Projects' project type.
Analysis Services Resources
SSRS - Sql Server Reporting Services
Originally an add-on to SQL 2000, Sql Server Reporting Services is included in SQL 2005 for free.
It consists of 2 components, 'Report Designer' and 'Report Builder'
Report Designer features a 'drag and drop' interface and will be familiar to developers who have used Crystal Reports or Access.
Report Builder is an adhoc reporting tool which allows users to specify
A unique feature of SSRS (at this time) is that it allows users to subscribe to reports and features the functionality to have these reports emailed out periodically. Licencing for SSRS is free, which should accelerate its take up in the market place.
Reporting Services Resources